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DAPA Measurement Toolkit

The Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) was developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) for physical activity surveillance in countries. It collects information on physical activity participation in three settings (or domains) as well as sedentary behaviour, comprising 16 questions (P1-P16).

The GPAQ covers several components of physical activity, such as intensity, duration, and frequency, and it assesses three domains in which physical activity is performed (occupational physical activity, transport-related physical activity, and physical activity during discretionary or leisure time).

The GPAQ has been developed for face-to-face interviews conducted by trained interviewers. It has been tested in large scale population-based surveys with the general adult population.

It is advised that show cards be used when the GPAQ is administered. Show cards should be developed for each of the activity types covered by the GPAQ: vigorous and moderate activity at work, transport activity, vigorous and moderate activity during leisure time, as well as sitting. Show cards help the respondents to know what activities are meant by each question. 

Component Detail
Time frame Typical week
Questions 16
Sections 1) Work; 2) Travel to and from places; 3) Recreational activity; 4) Sedentary behaviour
Question type Closed
Output variable Units
Physical activity level Active/Inactive
Physical activity MET-min per week
Moderate physical activity Minutes per week
Vigorous physical activity Minutes per week
Resource Link
Analysis guide External site
PDF/DOC of instrument (Arabic, Chinese, English, French, German, Italian, Russian, and Spanish) Link to instrument (various languages)
STEPS Analysis Programmes External site
Examples of show card External site
Lifestage Reliability and validity literature
Adults External site
Adults External site
First author (year) Title